• CSaT-193-643-663

Mechanical Properties of Soot Particles: The Impact of Crosslinked Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Authors: Laura Pascazio, Jacob W. Martin, Maria Botero, Mariano Sirignano, Andrea D'Anna, and Markus Kraft*

Reference: Combustion Science and Technology 193(4), 643-663, (2021)

  • Mechanical properties of crosslinked polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are investigated, making use of reactive molecular dynamics simulations.
  • The degree of crosslinking of ethylene and diesel soot is between 2.25-2.75 and 2.85-3.15 respectively to have a comparable value of the hardness found experimentally.

Graphical abstract In this paper, we estimate the degree of crosslinking within soot particles making use of reactive molecular dynamics simulations of mechanical properties of crosslinked polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Representative systems of PAH (pyrene, coronene, ovalene and circumpyrene) with a density similar to soot and with varying degrees of crosslinking were built. Uniaxial tensile test simulations were carried out on the systems and the yield stress of each sample was calculated. The hardness was estimated from the yield stress using an empirical conversion constant and the obtained values were compared with nanoindentation experiments of soot particles. The results show that mature ethylene and diesel soot particles are expected to present a degree of crosslinking between 2.1–3.0 and 3.0–3.5, respectively, to have a value comparable to the hardness found experimentally. Finally, an MD simulation of nanoindentation of a particle of crosslinked coronene molecules provided an alternative means to compute the empirical constant used to convert the yield stress in hardness. These results reveal the importance of crosslinking reactions during soot maturation that give rise to a structure in which the majority of aromatics are aliphatically linked in a 3D network.

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