• Preprint 231

Technical Report 231, c4e-Preprint Series, Cambridge

Efficient simulation and auto-calibration of soot particle processes in Diesel engines

Authors: Shaohua Wu, Jethro Akroyd, Sebastian Mosbach, George Brownbridge, Owen Parry, Vivian Page, Wenming Yang, and Markus Kraft*

Reference: Technical Report 231, c4e-Preprint Series, Cambridge, 2019

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  • The Moment Projection Method is used to simulate soot formation in engines.
  • Seven soot model parameters are calibrated through Hooke-Jeeves optimisation.
  • Measurements from a heavy-duty Diesel engine at 18 operating conditions are used for calibration.
  • Significantly improved agreement between model and experiment is obtained.

Graphical abstract Parameters describing soot particle processes are generally derived from a limited number of experimental studies. These parameters then have to be carefully calibrated for different operating conditions in internal combustion engine applications. This paper presents an innovative calibration procedure for soot simulation in Diesel engines. A Diesel engine is simulated using the Stochastic Reactor Model (SRM) engine code, which is implemented with the Moment Projection Method (MPM) for handling the soot particle dynamics. The main advantage of the engine-soot model is its low computational cost. The model is then coupled with an advanced statistical toolkit, Model Development Suite (MoDS), where the Hooke-Jeeves algorithm is adopted to calibrate seven soot model parameters automatically based on the measurement data. The ability of the integrated SRM-MoDS code for soot model calibration is evaluated by simulating the soot formation and oxidation processes in a heavy-duty Diesel engine which is operated under 18 different conditions. Results suggest that the integrated code is able to calibrate the soot model parameters effectively. A significant improvement in the match between the simulation results and experimental soot emission is obtained after calibration.

Material from this preprint has been published in Applied Energy.


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