Analysis of a natural gas fuelled homogeneous charge compression ignition engine with exhaust gas recirculation using a stochastic reactor model
Combustion and emissions formation in a Volvo TD 100 series diesel engine running in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) mode and fuelled with natural gas is simulated and compared with measurements for both with and without external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). A new stochastic approach is introduced to model the convective heat transfer, which accounts for fluctuations and fluid-wall interaction effects. This model is included in a partially stirred plug flow reactor (PaSPFR) approach, a stochastic reactor model (SRM), and is applied to study the effect of EGR on pressure, autoignition timing and emissions of CO and unburned hydrocarbons (HCs). The model accounts for temperature inhomogeneities and includes a detailed chemical mechanism to simulate the chemical reactions within the combustion chamber. Turbulent mixing is described by the interaction by exchange with the mean (IEM) model. A Monte Carlo method with a second-order time-splitting technique is employed to obtain the numerical solution. The model is validated by comparing the simulated in-cylinder pressure history and emissions with measurements taken from Christensen and Johansson (SAE Paper 982454). Excellent agreement is obtained between the peak pressure, ignition timing and CO and HC emissions predicted by the model and those obtained from the measurements for the non-EGR, 38 per cent EGR and 47 per cent EGR cases. A comparison between the pressure profiles for the cases studied reveals that the ignition timing and the peak pressure are dependent on the EGR. With EGR, the peak pressure reduces and the autoignition is delayed. The trend observed in the measured emissions with varying EGR is also predicted correctly by the model.
- This paper draws from preprint 8: Numerical Analysis of a Natural Gas Fuelled HCCI Engine with Exhaust Gas Recirculation Using a Stochastic Reactor Model