From Platform to Knowledge Graph: Evolution of Laboratory Automation
- Reviewed data flow within state-of-the-art chemical automation studies.
- Summarised current data representation and exchange protocols.
- Proposed a dynamic knowledge-graph-based approach towards automated closedloop optimisation.
High-fidelity computer-aided experimentation is becoming more accessible with the development of computing power and artificial intelligence tools. The advancement of experimental hardware also empowers researchers to reach a level of accuracy that was not possible in the past. Marching toward the next generation of self-driving laboratories, the orchestration of both resources lies at the focal point of autonomous discovery in chemical science. To achieve such a goal, algorithmically accessible data representations and standardized communication protocols are indispensable. In this perspective, we recategorize the recently introduced approach based on Materials Acceleration Platforms into five functional components and discuss recent case studies that focus on the data representation and exchange scheme between different components. Emerging technologies for interoperable data representation and multi-agent systems are also discussed with their recent applications in chemical automation. We hypothesize that knowledge graph technology, orchestrating semantic web technologies and multi-agent systems, will be the driving force to bring data to knowledge, evolving our way of automating the laboratory.
- This paper draws from preprint 284: From Platform to Knowledge Graph: Evolution of Laboratory Automation
- Access the article at the publisher: DOI: 10.1021/jacsau.1c00438